What Is Chorea?
Chorea is a condition that causes involuntary, unpredictable body movements that do not have a pattern. Chorea symptoms can range from minor movements such as fidgeting to profound, uncontrolled movements of the arms and legs.
Types of Chorea
Medical experts consider chorea to be one of three types of hyperkinetic disorder. Chorea causes rapid involuntary motions. Ballismus (or choreoballismus) causes more-severe jerking motions that are more likely to cause injury. Athetosis (or choreoathetosis) causes slow, writhing movements.
What Causes Chorea?
Chorea is associated with a number of causes, some temporary and some chronic. Examples of chorea causes include:
genetic conditions, such as Huntington’s disease
immune conditions, such as systemic lupus erythematosus
infection-related conditions, such as Sydenham’s chorea, which is the result of rheumatic fever
medications, including levodopa and neuroleptics
metabolic or endocrine disorders, including hypoglycemia
pregnancy (known as chorea gravidarum)
Because many conditions cause chorea, a doctor must take a thorough medical history to determine potential causes.
What Are Risk Factors for Chorea?
Patients with a history of rheumatic fever are more likely to experience chorea. This risk factor makes pregnant women more likely to have chorea gravidarum.
Other risk factors are related to individual risk for disease. For example, Huntington’s disease is a hereditary disorder. Huntington’s disease may cause chorea. A person with a parent who has Huntington’s disease has a 50 percent risk of having the disease as well (Mayo Clinic, 2011).
What Are the Symptoms of Chorea?
Chorea symptoms usually depend upon the condition causing it. A common symptom is the “milkmaid” grip. This grip looks as if a person is holding an eating utensil, but the thumb is pointing upward. Another symptom is involuntarily sticking out the tongue.
The movements can be fast or slow. A patient may appear to be writhing in pain and to have no bodily control.
Chorea symptoms depend on the underlying cause:
Huntington’s disease patients may think that initial chorea symptoms are clumsiness or nervousness. Chorea is a more common symptom in people with adult-onset Huntington’s disease than in patients who were diagnosed as children. Over time, the symptoms worsen and movements affect the legs and arms.
This condition is a genetic disorder that affects brain functioning. Chorea for this condition commonly starts as lip or tongue biting, due to the tongue sticking out.
This condition is the result of rheumatic fever. Patients with this chorea type often display milkmaid grip. Another common symptom is “harlequin tongue.” This occurs when a patient tries to consistently stick the tongue out, but the tongue pops in and out instead.
How Is Chorea Diagnosed?
Chorea diagnosis primarily consists of taking a thorough medical history and conducting a clinical exam. To diagnose chorea, your doctor may ask:
When did the symptoms begin?
What makes the symptoms worse or better? (Chorea symptoms tend to worsen when a patient is stressed.)
Do you have a family history of hyperthyroidism or Huntington’s disease?
What medications are you currently taking?
Some laboratory tests can indicate chorea. For example, a low copper level can indicate Wilson disease, a genetic disorder that causes chorea. Tests for spiky erythrocytes or red blood cells can indicate neuroacanthocytosis. Blood test for parathyroid hormones or thyroid hormones can indicate metabolic or endocrine-related chorea.
Imaging studies, such as a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, can show brain activity. These can indicate Huntington’s disease.
Mudra For Chorea
Mudra is a part of holistic healing like Ayurveda and Yoga. It is very effective and easy to practice any one can practice it any time. 45 minutes of practice is enough to get good results. To Know more about the mudras click on the links.
Before practicing Mudras it is very important to find your Ayurvedic Body type To find your Ayurvedic body type follow this link